Wind farming can bring economic advantages to the community as well as to the individual.
Usually wind farm operators pay local business taxes and, if the operating company is registered where the project is located, the hosting municipality should receive 100% of tax revenues
Moreover, economic benefit can be gained either through the involvement of citizens/communities as owners/shareholders of a wind farm, or by “indirect” involvement (land leasing) that may bring about land lease payments, or taxation reduction, or special electricity tariffs. See Financial participation.
In practical terms, fair and transparent benefit sharing mechanisms have to be implemented. The WinWind project identified remarkable cases benefit sharing measures adopted in Europe and particularly in Germany, Italy, Latvia, Norway, Poland and Spain and found that the most successful experiences were those where the costs and benefits had been fairly distributed and perceived as such by stakeholders and citizens; which was conducive to high social acceptance.
Find out more
The WinWind project collected cases wind parks providing social benefit to the local community. Here below further readings:
Overview of the benefits deriving from wind farms in Europe
Screening of Technical and Non-Technical regulations, guidelines and recommendations pages 45-51