Wind energy may contribute to the creation of new sustainable jobs, and the greater the positive impacts on the local economy, the larger the number of people that will adopt a positive attitude.
Nonetheless, it is important to distinguish the plant construction phase from the post-construction one. During construction, usually a large number of peoples is employed, especially when local firms are carrying out the planned works. However, once the construction phase has been completed the number of jobs available will be much more limited (e.g. service, maintenance).
On the one hand, developers should ensure that as many jobs as possible are created for the local wind manufacturing and supply chain. On the other hand, policy makers are recommended to include employment as a relevant criterion for assessing wind energy project proposals, so that developers will have to take it into consideration from the very first steps.
- Possible job losses in energy traditional sectors
- Limited job creation for the supply chain
- Job creation, especially in the building phase
- News skilled jobs
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The WinWind project highlighted the role of local employment in fostering social acceptance..
Here below further readings:
Findings, policy suggestions and examples in 10 Best Practices
Synthesis and Comparative Analysis of Best Practice Case Studies for Promoting the Social Acceptance pag 63-64,66